Improved Current and MTPA Control Characteristics Using FEM-Based Inductance Maps for Vector-Controlled IPM Motor †

Faiz Husnayain, Toshihiko Noguchi, Ryosuke Akaki, Feri Yusivar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Some major problems in the motor drive are the overshoot or undershoot of transient response characteristics and a parameter mismatch due to magnetic saturation. This study proposed a 3D inductance map combined with a maximum-torque-per-ampere (MTPA) map based on a finite-element (FE) motor model considering a cross-coupling magnetic saturation impact to overcome this problem. The proposed FE motor model has a high accuracy of no-load back electromotive force (e.m.f.) around 98.3% compared to the measurement results. Then, nine scenarios of vector control combinations of inductance maps and current supply variations of β 0°, 45°, and MTPA were investigated. As a result, the transient response improvement for β 0°, 45°, and MTPA without the map and with Ld and Lq maps is 63%, 10%, and 15%, respectively. Moreover, for the steady-state response, the average torque improvement between MTPA and Idref 0 A control is 9.21%, 8.97%, and 8.98% for the no-map, ave-map, and 3D-inductance-map conditions, respectively. The MTPA trajectory characteristic was also updated to illustrate the actual MTPA condition compared to the conventional MTPA control. In detail, the proposed method has reduced the parameter mismatch for the current control loop in the transient state and improved the MTPA control trajectory for the steady-state response. Finally, the improvement of vector control characteristics of the proposed method was verified by an FE simulation and experimental measurement results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4712
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023


  • cross-coupling
  • current control
  • inductance map
  • IPM motor
  • magnetic saturation
  • MTPA control
  • parameter mismatch
  • torque enhancement
  • vector control


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