IMPLEMENTATION OF CLUSTERING TECHNIQUE FOR ANALYZING CONSUMER BUYING BEHAVIOR DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC: A CASE IN THE BEAUTY INDUSTRY

Beny Maulana Achsan, Achmad Nizar Hidayanto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The global demand for beauty products continues to grow due to raised public awareness of applying cosmetics, with a 1.45 % to 3.34 % growth annually. Unfortunately, the COVID-19 outbreak broke out globally in December 2019, affecting face-toface businesses such as the beauty industry falling until –7.11 % in 2020. This study aims to analyze the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on Indonesia’s beauty industry and the shift in the beauty consumer segment during the pandemic. This study adopts the react-cope-adapt (RCA) framework to construct the COVID-19 pandemic periodization in Indonesia. The correlation analysis was used to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the beauty industry. In addition, clustering techniques were employed to identify hidden consumer segments and product preferences throughout the COVID-19 outbreak. The study shows that COVID-19 cases positively impact beauty company’s sales during the reacting phase. A strong negative relationship between COVID-19 and company revenue was observed in the coping phase. In the adapt phase, the negative impact of COVID-19 on the company’s sales has decreased. Our finding also confirms the shift in consumer buying behavior during the pandemic. Consumers prefer to buy cosmetics products online than offline during the reaction phase. In the coping phase, consumers slowly begin to purchase in-store. Finally, consumers return to buying cosmetics offline in the adapting phase, similar to before the pandemic. The clustering results showed three hidden consumer segments: the loyal consumer segment, the impulsive consumer segment, and the compulsive consumer segment. In addition, during the pandemic, consumers prefer to buy skincare products over make-up products since government policies forced people to stay, work, and study at home. Our study has theoretical and practical implications. Theoretically, our results support the usefulness of the RCA model and clustering techniques in analyzing the change in consumer buying behavior during a time of crisis, such COVID-19 pandemic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-26
Number of pages13
JournalEastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies
Volume3
Issue number2(123)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • beauty industry
  • clustering technique
  • consumer behavior
  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • product preference

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