This research aims to figure out and elaborate the implementation of Cultural and Educational Ministry’s regulation No 2, 2002 as well as the problems occurring during the implementation. The research was conducted by applying mixed method -qualitative and quantitative- held in Depok City, Cianjur Regency, Makassar City, and Maros Regency using questionnaires, interviews and focus group discussion to collect data. The result shows that the implementation of regulation, which originally aimed to provide affordable and quality book for the people, fails to achieve its purpose. There are various problems found in the implementation, e.g. lack of socialization, lack of information technology infrastructure, unfitness between the materials with the curriculum, lack of printing quality, and the prevailing opinion that the regulation is an elitist policy that kills business competition.