Impact of using an educational pop-up book to address dental anxiety in hearing impaired children

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Abstract

Children with hearing impairment face a communication barrier, which can induce anxiety when they visit the dentist. Anxiety about dental treatment can lead to uncooperative behavior and physiologic changes, such as respiratory rate and heart rate. A special approach to educate hearing-impaired children by using visual media can be useful in reducing dental anxiety. The aim of this study is to verify the impact of using educational pop-up book to address dental anxiety in hearing-impaired children, as observed through respiratory rate assessment. Forty-two hearing impaired children were retrospectively subclassified into study and control group. Anxiety was assessed by measuring the respiratory rate of subjects before and after intervention using a pop-up book. The data were analyzed using unpaired t test for intergroup comparison between the study and control group. Result of this study, there was a significant mean reduction of respiratory rates in the study group and mean increase in the respiratory rate of subjects in the control group. A significant difference of respiratory rate was found between the study and control group (p ≤ 0.05). Our result suggest that the pop-up book was found to be effective as a visual education tool to reduce dental anxiety in hearing-impaired children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-138
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Volume11
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Dental anxiety
  • Hearing-impaired children
  • Pop-up book
  • Respiratory rate

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