Impact of older age at Fontan completion on mid-term survival

Ruth Grace Aurora, Radityo Prakoso, Dicky Fakhri, Indriwanto Sakidjan, Sisca Natalia Siagian, Prima Almazini, Oktavia Lilyasari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The optimum age of Fontan completion remains unknown. Currently, the majority of centers worldwide are performing Fontan completion at 2–4 years of age. In Indonesia, lack of awareness and limited resources probably explain why patients seek treatment at advanced stage. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of older age at Fontan completion on mid-term survival. Results: A single-center retrospective cohort study was performed on 261 patients who underwent Fontan completion between 2008 and 2019 and survived to discharge. The patients were followed up until April 2020, with a median follow-up period of 3 years (range 0–12 years). The median age was 5 years (range 2–24 years). The survival rates of patients with the age at operation ≤ 6 years and > 6 years were 92.1% and 82.8%, respectively. A subgroup analysis showed that the survival rates for age < 4 years, 4–6 years (reference age), 6–8 years, 8–10 years, 10–18 years, and > 18 years were 85.7%, 94.8%, 85.4%, 78.8%, 85.7%, and 66.7%, respectively. Age at Fontan completion of > 6 years (HR 3.84; p = 0.020) was associated with a lower 12-year survival rate. The age at operation of 8–10 years (HR 6.79; p = 0.022) and > 18 years (HR 15.30; p = 0.006) had the worst survival rates. Conclusions: An older age at Fontan completion (> 6 years) significantly reduced mid-term survival rate. The age at Fontan of 8–10 years and > 18 years had higher risk of mid-term death than age of 4–6 years.

Original languageEnglish
Article number75
JournalEgyptian Heart Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • Age at operation
  • Fontan completion
  • Mid-term survival
  • Older age


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