Purpose: In this study, we analyzed the production of interferon γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin 10 (IL-10) by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We aimed to investigate the capacity of monocytes to produce tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) following IFN-γ stimulation and the associated role of IL-10 in TNF-α and IL-6 production. Patients and Methods: In vitro experiments were conducted on PBMCs obtained from 19 patients with T2DM and 17 healthy participants. PBMCs were isolated from venous blood by density gradient centrifugation, followed by 3-day phytohemagglutinin induction. In vitro production of TNF-α, IL-6, IFN-γ, and IL-10 was measured using the multiplex immunoas-say. Statistical analysis was performed using IBM SPSS 23 version. Results: IFN-γ concentration in the T2DM group was significantly lower than that in control group (T2DM 7,700.86 ± 3,037.77 vs control 10,672.69 ± 5,625.50 pg/mL; p = 0.048). However, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 levels showed no significant difference between the two groups. The TNF-α/IFN-γ and IL-6/IFN-γ ratios were significantly higher in T2DM than in the control group (p = 0.026 and p = 0.048, respectively). In T2DM, the high TNF-α/IFN-γ ratio was consistent, with the low baseline IL-10 level (p = 0.022). Conclusion: In T2DM, T-cell response is impaired with significantly reduced IFN-γ pro-duction, and simultaneously, circulatory monocytes show enhanced cellular responsiveness to inflammatory stimuli. The low baseline IL-10 level likely contributes to such an immune response.
- Proinflammatory response
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus