Impact of early detection and vaccination strategy in COVID-19 eradication program in Jakarta, Indonesia

Dipo Aldila, Brenda M. Samiadji, Gracia M. Simorangkir, Sarbaz H.A. Khosnaw, Muhammad Shahzad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Several essential factors have played a crucial role in the spreading mechanism of COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease 2019) in the human population. These factors include undetected cases, asymptomatic cases, and several non-pharmaceutical interventions. Because of the rapid spread of COVID-19 worldwide, understanding the significance of these factors is crucial in determining whether COVID-19 will be eradicated or persist in the population. Hence, in this study, we establish a new mathematical model to predict the spread of COVID-19 considering mentioned factors. Results: Infection detection and vaccination have the potential to eradicate COVID-19 from Jakarta. From the sensitivity analysis, we find that rapid testing is crucial in reducing the basic reproduction number when COVID-19 is endemic in the population rather than contact trace. Furthermore, our results indicate that a vaccination strategy has the potential to relax social distancing rules, while maintaining the basic reproduction number at the minimum possible, and also eradicate COVID-19 from the population with a higher vaccination rate. In conclusion, our model proposed a mathematical model that can be used by Jakarta’s government to relax social distancing policy by relying on future COVID-19 vaccine potential.

Original languageEnglish
Article number132
JournalBMC Research Notes
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Basic reproduction number
  • Contact tracing
  • COVID-19
  • Rapid testing
  • Vaccination

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