Background and aims: While the higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) at younger age in Indonesia might contribute to the relatively higher COVID-19 mortality rate in Indonesia, there were currently no available evidence nor specific policy in terms of COVID-19 prevention and management among DM patients. We aimed to find out the association between diagnosed diabetes mellitus (DM) with COVID-19 mortality in Indonesia. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study using Jakarta Province's COVID-19 epidemiological registry within the first 6 months of the pandemic. All COVID-19 confirmed patients, aged >15 years with known DM status were included. Patients were assessed for their clinical symptoms and mortality outcome based on their DM status. A multivariate Cox-regression test was performed to obtain the relative risk (RR) of COVID-19 mortality in the diagnosed DM group. Results: Of 20,481 patients with COVID-19, 705 (3.4%) had DM. COVID-19 mortality rate in DM group was 21.28%, significantly higher compared to 2.77% mortality in the non-DM group [adjusted RR 1.98 (CI 95% 1.57–2.51), p < 0.001]. In addition, COVID-19 patients with DM generally developed more symptoms. Conclusions: DM is associated not only with development of more COVID-19 clinical symptoms, but also with a higher risk of COVID-19 mortality. This finding may provide a basis for future policy regarding COVID-19 prevention and management among diabetes patients in Indonesia.
- Clinical symptoms
- Diabetes mellitus