Impact evaluation of national health insurance toward access hospital inpatient care in indonesia

Wahyu P. Nugraheni, Budi Hidayat, Mardiati Nadjib, Eko Setyo Pambudi, Soewarta Kosen, Indang Trihandini, Hasbullah Thabrany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Indonesian government launched officially the National Health Insurance (JKN Program) on January 14, 2014. JKN program constructed with participation is mandatory and there is no selection, the spirit of cross subsidy (rich-poor, healthy-ill, young-old), non-profit and fees calculated as a percentage of wages or income. One of the main objectives of JKN is to improve equity in access to health services. This study aims to evaluate the impact of National Health Insurance program that has been running more than one year over the access to inpatient care at the hospital. This study used Indonesian Family Life Survey IFLS-4 (2007) and IFLS-5 (2014/2015). The analysis used a combination of propensity score matching methods and difference in difference. This analysis enables the research resembles the experiment considering the access changes to the inpatient care on the same individuals were evaluated before and one year after the National Health Insurance starts. The results showed that the National Health Insurance program have impact 2.4% on access to health care of inpatient at the government hospital and or private hospital. The resulting effect of National Health Insurance is not final because the data is just collected in 2014 until mid-2015, about half a year of the commencement of National Health Insurance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-200
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Public Health Research and Development
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018


  • Health insurance
  • Impact evaluation
  • Propensity score matching


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