Identifying the best spatial interpolation method for estimating spatial distribution of PM2.5 in Jakarta

K. I. Solihah, D. N. Martono, B. Haryanto

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Nowadays, many researchers are focused on analyzing the association between PM2.5 concentration and respiratory diseases. PM2.5 is one of the most threatening air pollutant for human health in cities and causes an increasing number of deaths. However, obtaining detailed PM2.5 concentration data constitutes one of the problems in analyzing its relationship with the human health effect. This study aims to select the best model for predicting PM2.5, spatially explicit in Jakarta, and estimate its spatial distribution in this region over the 2019-2020 period. The observation data of PM2.5 measurement results were in eight points spread across Jakarta. Furthermore, the data is a two-year daily time series from 2019-2020, which was then be processed into annual average data. Seven spatial interpolations of different methods were selected to identify which is most realistic in generating the estimated concentration value of PM2.5. From the results, we conclude that the Spline with Tension was the best interpolation method based on 2D visualization and model evaluation. Based on the model evaluation, the Spline with Tension method generated the best model with minimum error, where RMSE, MSE, MAE, and MAP had values of 0.0533,0.0028, 0.0400, 0.0008, respectively. Meanwhile, Ordinary Kriging with spherical had the most significant.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012043
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2021
Event2nd International Conference on Tropical Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, ICTMAS 2021 - Jakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 23 Mar 202125 Mar 2021


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