Identification of Hazardous Waste Risk Level in Central Java Province, Indonesia

Zakianis, Fatma Lestari, Sifa Fauzia, Laila Fitria, Agustino Zulys, Budi Hartono, Adonis Muzanni, Saraswati A. Satyawardhani, Rajib Shaw, Setyo Prabowo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hazardous waste may be an environmental and public health threat if not managed properly and may contribute to a regional multi-hazard when other natural disasters also exist. Hazardous and toxic waste may cause industrial disaster if its risks are not well identified and mitigated. This study aims to model the city/district-based risk assessment for each type of hazardous waste in Central Java Province for anticipating hazardous waste disasters and necessary responses. The concept of disaster is used as the method in this study, consisting of hazard, vulnerability, and capacity. The results showed that the generation of hazardous waste in Central Java Province was very large, amounting to 2,886,974.024 tons in 2021. The hazardous waste produced was sourced from 1233 types of businesses/activities in Central Java Province, with 4042 types of hazardous waste. The healthcare sector is identified as the sector that produces the most hazardous waste. Overall, the risk levels of the majority of hazardous waste types fall into the low category.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6390
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023


  • hazardous waste
  • risk analysis
  • risk disaster


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