Hypocenter and magnitude analysis of aftershocks of the 2018 lombok, indonesia, earthquakes using local seismographic networks

Annisa Trisnia Sasmi, Andri Dian Nugraha, Muzli Muzli, Sri Widiyantoro, Zulfakriza Zulfakriza, Shengji Wei, David P. Sahara, Agus Riyanto, Nanang T. Puspito, Awali Priyono, Tim Greenfield, Haunan Afif, Pepen Supendi, Daryono Daryono, Ardianto Ardianto, Devy Kamil Syahbana, Yayan Mi rojul Husni, Billy S. Prabowo, Achmad Fajar Narotama Sarjan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The island of Lombok in Indonesia is located between the Indo-Australian and Eurasian subduction trenches and the Flores back-arc thrust, making it vulnerable to earthquakes. On 29 July 2018, a significant earthquake Mw 6.4 shook this region and was followed by series of major earthquakes (Mw > 5:8) on 5, 9, and 19 August, which led to severe damage in the northern Lombok area. In this study, we attempt to reveal the possible cause of the sequences of the 2018 Lombok earthquakes based on aftershock monitoring data. Twenty stations were deployed to record earthquake waveform data from 4 August to 9 September 2018. In total, 3259 events were identified using 28,728 P- and 20,713 S-wave arrival times during the monitoring. The aftershock hypocenters were determined using a nonlinear approach and relocated using double-difference method. The moment magnitude (Mw) of each event was determined by fitting the displacement spectrum amplitude using a Brune-type model. The magnitudes of the aftershocks range from Mw 1.7 to 6.7. The seismicity pattern reveals three clusters located in the Flores oceanic crust, which fit well with the occurrences of the four events with Mw > 6. We interpret these events as the main rupture area of the 2018 Lombok earthquake sequence. Furthermore, an aseismic zone in the vicinity of Rinjani extending toward the northwestern part of Lombok was observed. We propose that the crust in this area has elevated temperatures and is highly fractured thus inhibiting the generation of large earthquakes. The aseismic nature is therefore an artifact of the detection threshold of our network (Mw 4.6).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2152-2162
Number of pages11
JournalSeismological Research Letters
Volume91
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020

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