Hypercholesterolemia as a dominant factor of central obesity among adult patients at Bojong Gede Public Health Center, Bogor Regency, Indonesia

Benedicta Natalia Latif, Ratu Ayu Dewi Sartika, Fani Widiartha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The prevalence of central obesity has been increasing rapidly in recent decades. Central obesity, measured by waist circumference, is the most dangerous type of obesity since it is closely related to chronic diseases, metabolic complications, and high COVID-19 infection rates. The objective of this study was to identify the dominant factor of central obesity among the adult population. The study used secondary data from a 2017 cross-sectional study conducted at Bojong Gede Public Health Center, Bogor Regency, Indonesia. A total of 85 men and women aged 25-64 years old were selected through purposive sampling and included in the analysis. The association between risk factors and central obesity were measured through chi-square bivariate analysis and multiple logistic regression multivariate analysis using IBM SPSS application version 22. The prevalence of central obesity was 70.6%. The results showed that sex (women), total blood cholesterol level (hypercholesterolemia), energy, protein, fat, and carbohydrate intake (>110%personal nutritional needs) were significantly associated with central obesity (p-value <  0.05). Hypercholesterolemia was the most dominant risk factor for central obesity (p-value = 0.032; OR = 4.21; 95%CI = 1.131-15.667) adjusted for confounders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-77
Number of pages9
JournalMediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Adults
  • blood cholesterol level
  • bogor regency
  • central obesity

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