Hydrogen Recovery from CH4-H2 Gas Mixture by Adsorption Using Coconut Shell-Based Activated Carbon

M. Sudibandriyo, N. A. Madiadipura

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


In this study, attempts have been made to utilize biomass residue to recover hydrogen from CH4-H2 gas mixture, which might be applied for hydrocracking process in oil refineries. Part of this attempt is to produce an activated carbon based on coconut shell, which is processed through chemical and physical activation using 25% ZnCl2 followed by activation at 800°C with N2 flow for an hour to increase its surface area. The resulted BET surface area and iodine number are 432.26 m2/g and 644.80 mg/g, respectively. A detailed experimental study has been made for the adsorption of pure methane and hydrogen at 20°C, as well as CH4-H2 mixture at 10, 20 and 30°C; each isotherm condition undergoes a variety of pressure ranging from 1-6 bars. Measurements were made using volumetric technique and gas chromatograph analysis. The highest adsorption is obtained for pure methane followed by CH4-H2 mixture with 1:9 ratio and pure H2. For gas mixture, the total adsorption increases with the increase of pressure in each isotherm; in which the higher temperature has lower adsorption ability. The adsorption result shows that methane has 2.7 times higher adsorption capacity than hydrogen and almost all methane in the mixtures is adsorbed by the activated carbon, therefore, the coconut shell based activated carbon produced from this research can be applied as the adsorbent in the separation process of CH4/H2 mixture.

Original languageEnglish
Article number062004
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2019
Event1st Symposium of Emerging Nuclear Technology and Engineering Novelty, SENTEN 2018 - Palembang, South Sumatra, India
Duration: 4 Jul 20185 Jul 2018


  • activated carbon
  • adsorption
  • Hydrogen
  • methane
  • recovery


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