Background: Hyaluronic acid (HA) is an essential component of extracellular matrix and mediates signaling in wound healing. HA could induce growth factor release from Advanced Platelet Rich Fibrin (A-PRF), including Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and Platelet-derived Growth Factor (PDGF). However, concentrations of the released-VEGF and PDGF have not been clearly disclosed. Therefore, current study was conducted to measure the release of these growth factors in HA + A-PRF gel of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) subjects. Methods: Twenty DFU subjects were included in the study and treated with A-PRF or HA+A-PRF. A-PRF was derived from autologous peripheral blood and processed with low-speed centrifugation. HA was added with a ratio of 1:0.6. A-PRF or HA + A-PRF was applied topically on DFU. Upper tips of A-PRF or HA + A-PRF gels were collected on day 0, 3 and 7 for measurements of VEGF and PDGF concentrations with Enzyme-linked Immune-sorbent Assay (ELISA) methods. Results: On day-3, both VEGF and PDGF concentrations of HA + A-PRF group were significantly higher than the VEGF (p=0.000) and PDGF (p=0.019) concentrations of A-PRF group. The VEGF and PDGF concentrations were continuously and significantly increased on day-7 of HA + A-PRF group, compared to the VEGF (p=0.000) and PDGF (p=0.004) concentrations of A-PRF group. Conclusion: Combination HA+A-PRF induces VEGF and PDGF release from A-PRF. A mixture of A-PRF and HA could be more effective than A-PRF alone for treatment of DFU.
- advanced platelet rich fibrin
- diabetic foot ulcer
- growth factor
- hyaluronic acid