Human leukocyte antigen examination using luminex®-based assays for donor-recipient compatibility assessment in kidney transplantation: Our preliminary experience

Ponco Birowo, Dimas Tri Prasetyo, Nur Rasyid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Detection of anti-HLA antibodies (HLAabs) in organ transplantation recipients is vital to determine whether the recipient has specific HLAabs against the donor’s HLA molecules (donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies [DSA]). Methods: This preliminary study involved seven subjects: five without prior HLA sensitization and two with a history of possible HLA sensitization (kidney transplantation and pregnancy). Two of the subjects were siblings, two of the subjects were mother and son, and two of them were first cousins once removed. All the subjects underwent HLA typing, and four of the subjects underwent HLAabs assays using the sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes (SSOP) method. Results: There were 10/16 HLA matches between subjects who were siblings and between subjects who were mother and son, and 6/16 HLA matches were found between subjects who were first cousins once removed. Subjects with previous kidney transplantation developed 59 HLA-Abs toward class I and class II HLA (the mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) value range: 1,003.36 to 12,404.77). HLAabs were also found among subjects without prior HLA sensitization, albeit with relatively lower MFI values. Conclusions: HLA typing and HLAabs detection for donor-recipient compatibility assessment using the SSOP method offers more detailed, semi-quantitative results. Further research involving larger subjects in cohort settings will be useful for profiling MFI cutoff values for HLAabs.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere104635
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalNephro-Urology Monthly
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
  • Histocompatibility Testing
  • HLA
  • Kidney Transplantation

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