“How is social media used for learning?”: relationships between social media use by medical students with their self-regulated learning skills

Ardi Findyartini, Nadia Greviana, Chaina Hanum, Elvan Wiyarta, Justinus Kurniabudhi Novarianto, Yehuda Tri Nugroho Supranoto, Maritza Andreanne Rafa Ayusha, Dwita Oktaria, AASA A.S.A.S. Sueningrum, Yuni Susanti Pratiwi, Eti Poncorini Pamungkasari, Gita Sekar Prihanti, Rahma Tsania Zhuhra, Yoanita Widjaja, Diani Puspa Wijaya, Komal Atta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Social media is widely used by medical students, including for learning purposes since it facilitates their involvement in the communities of inquiry where they can share, express, and engage in the development of knowledge. Navigating the use of social media requires self-regulated learning (SRL) skills. Hence, studies on the relationships between social media use and SRL skills are necessary. Aim: This study aims to investigate the relationships between social media use and students’ SRL skills. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using two validated questionnaires: the Social Networking Sites for Medical Education questionnaire (SNSME, 19 items) and the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ, 81 items). Cross-cultural adaptation and exploratory factor analysis (EFA) were also completed for the SNSME questionnaire, followed by descriptive and bivariate analysis. Results and discussion: The SNSME questionnaire is valid for use in the current setting and consists of three subscales: (1) attitudes towards the use of social media for learning and knowledge development, (2) the use of social media for information sharing and interaction, and (3) the use of social media for knowledge development and research. Among 1,122 respondents, male students presented lower scores than female students in the total score of social media for learning (80 vs. 82, p 0.007), and public medical students showed higher scores in terms of attitudes towards the use of social media for learning and knowledge development compared to private medical students (83 vs. 81, p 0.007). The differences in SRL scores for different education stages and among students from public and private medical schools were statistically significant (426 vs. 418, p 0.003, and 436 vs. 418, p < 0.001, respectively). Levels of correlation between social media use and SRL scores were low to moderate (R 0.195–0.462, p < 0.001). Conclusions: The adapted SNSME questionnaire in the current setting is valid and the use of social media for learning is influenced by gender and the learning environment. This study highlights the importance of supporting students in using social media for learning purposes as well as using social media as a means to increase their SRL skills.

Original languageEnglish
Article number235
JournalBMC Medical Education
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2024

Keywords

  • Self-regulated learning
  • Social media
  • Undergraduate medical education

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