Housing Adaptations to Climate: Vernacular Settlements on the Kahayan Riverbank at Palangka Raya, Indonesia

Mandarin Guntur, Kemas R. Kurniawan, Dalhar Sutanto, Yunitha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Producing buildings that can adapt to climatic conditions is one of the notable abilities of people who improve the quality of their houses. Lake Tundai is a residential area in Palangka Raya, Indonesia, occupied by a fishing community, isolated and only accessible through the Kahayan River. People prefer wood materials for house construction, and with a largely impoverished population, they remain in those houses they have inherited from the past. However, it is an example of a village resistant to the effects of global climate change, because their houses are climate-friendly, although natural breeze is the only thermal comfort enjoyed by the inhabitants of Lake Tundai. Using thermal performance simulation on the Tundai Lake houses, this research presents four types applied to four variable elements through the Ecotect analysis program to ascertain how the houses deal with the climate. Based on the climatic conditions in Lake Tundai. Type 2 with stilts, light roof, light walls, single ventilation, and ceiling is the most suitable model condition in Tundai Lake. The research concluded in 2023 that the influence of the building floor height from the ground may affect the thermal comfort in the room. If the floor height over the water level is below 1.2 meters. This study proposes an example of housing adaptation using wood materials nearby the water.

Original languageEnglish
JournalISVS E-journal
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • Climate change
  • Housing adaptation
  • Riverbank
  • Vernacular settlement


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