Hipertensi dan Risiko Mild Cognitive Impairment pada Pasien Usia Lanjut

Kasmianto Abadi, Dian Wijayanti, Ellen A. Gunawan, Marcella Erwina Rumawas, Bambang Sutrisna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) may increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. Some geriatric patients with MCI were often identified to have high blood pressures. This cross-sectional study aimed to know association between hypertension and MCI in geriatric patients (age ≥ 60 years), con- secutively selected among people attending Joglo-I Primary Health Center between November 12-18, 2012. The Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) questionnaires were administered to screen for cognitive impairment, blood pressures were measured using a manual sphygmomanometer according to the standard protocols. Analyzes were done using the Generalized Linear Model procedure of 32 participants (median age: 61 years; 53.1% women), 21 respondents (65.6%) had hypertension, and 21 others (65.6%) had MCI. MCI were identified in 17 persons (81%) out of 21 respondents with hypertension, and in 4 persons (36%) out of 11 respondents with normal blood pressure. Hypertension was significantly associated with MCI. The risk that older individuals diagnosed with hyper- tension had MCI was 2.2 over that of their counterpart with normal blood pressure (PR = 2.2; p value = 0.01). This association remained significant after adjustment for age, diabetes, and stroke (p value = 0.04). Reduced hypertension may be one strategy to lower the risk of cognitive impairment among older adults.
Original languageIndonesian
Pages (from-to)115-118
JournalKesmas: National Public Health Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013

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