Aims: To investigate the prognostic value of admission blood glucose (BG) in predicting COVID-19 outcomes, including poor composite outcomes (mortality/severity), mortality, and severity. Methods: Eligible studies evaluating the association between admission fasting BG (FBG) and random BG (RBG) levels with COVID-19 outcomes were included and assessed for risk of bias with the Quality in Prognosis Studies tool. Random-effects dose-response meta-analysis was conducted to investigate potential linear or non-linear exposure-response gradient. Results: The search yielded 35 studies involving a total of 14,502 patients. We discovered independent association between admission FBG and poor COVID-19 prognosis. Furthermore, we demonstrated non-linear relationship between admission FBG and severity (Pnon-linearity < 0.001), where each 1 mmol/L increase augmented the risk of severity by 33% (risk ratio 1.33 [95% CI: 1.26–1.40]). Albeit exhibiting similar trends, study scarcity limited the evidence strength on the independent prognostic value of admission RBG. GRADE assessment yielded high-quality evidence for the association between admission FBG and COVID-19 severity, and moderate-quality evidence for its association with mortality and poor outcomes. Conclusion: High admission FBG level independently predicted poor COVID-19 prognosis. Further research to confirm the prognostic value of admission RBG and to ascertain the estimated dose-response risk between admission FBG and COVID-19 severity are required.
- Blood glucose
- Patient admission