Hemoglobin and erythrocyte levels in correlation to periodontal status in first trimester pregnancy

Hari Sunarto, Benso Sulijaya, Kristian Santana, Nofikha Hanim Nasution, Sri Lelyati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Periodontal alteration in pregnancy is occurs frequently due to hormonal imbalance situation. Several studies have tried to link anemia based on the level of hemoglobin and erythrocyte in both of gingivitis and periodontitis patients during pregnancy. This study is aimed to analyze the relationship between periodontal conditions in first trimester pregnancy with anemia based on level of hematologic status. One hundred five pregnant women (first trimester pregnancy) were participated in this cross-sectional study. Plaque index (PI), calculus index (CI), oral hygiene index score (OHIs) and periodontal condition were examined. Hemoglobin and erythrocyte levels were collected from peripheral blood vein and measured. Mean ± standard deviation value were analyzed. Significance difference (p<0.05) was found within level of hematologic (hemoglobin (10.56 ± 0.89 g/dL) - erythrocyte (3.73 ± 0.71 million/mcL) in gingivitis group. No significance difference (p>0.05) was found within level of hematologic (hemoglobin (10.95 ± 2.26 g/dL) - erythrocyte (4.11 ± 0.79 million/mcl) in periodontitis. There is a strong correlation within hematologic levels in the first trimester pregnancy with gingivitis. However, no correlation was proved amongst hematologic levels in periodontitis at first trimester pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-210
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Volume9
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Erythrocyte
  • Gingivitis
  • Hemoglobin
  • Periodontitis
  • Pregnancy

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