Helicobacter pylori in the Indonesian Malay’s descendants might be imported from other ethnicities

Ari Fahrial Syam, Langgeng Agung Waskito, Yudith Annisa Ayu Rezkitha, Rentha Monica Simamora, Fauzi Yusuf, Kanserina Esthera Danchi, Ahmad Fuad Bakry, Arnelis, Erwin Mulya, Gontar Alamsyah Siregar, Titong Sugihartono, Hasan Maulahela, Dalla Doohan, Muhammad Miftahussurur, Yoshio Yamaoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Even though the incidence of H. pylori infection among Malays in the Malay Peninsula is low, we observed a high H. pylori prevalence in Sumatra, which is the main residence of Indonesian Malays. H. pylori prevalence among Indonesian Malay descendants was investigated. Results: Using a combination of five tests, 232 recruited participants were tested for H- pylori and participants were considered positive if at least one test positive. The results showed that the overall H. pylori prevalence was 17.2%. Participants were then categorized into Malay (Aceh, Malay, and Minang), Java (Javanese and Sundanese), Nias, and Bataknese groups. The prevalence of H. pylori was very low among the Malay group (2.8%) and no H. pylori was observed among the Aceh. Similarly, no H. pylori was observed among the Java group. However, the prevalence of H. pylori was high among the Bataknese (52.2%) and moderate among the Nias (6.1%). Multilocus sequence typing showed that H. pylori in Indonesian Malays classified as hpEastAsia with a subpopulation of hspMaori, suggesting that the isolated H. pylori were not a specific Malays H. pylori. Conclusions: Even though the ethnic groups live together as a community, we observed an extremely low H. pylori infection rate among Indonesian Malay descendants with no specific Indonesian Malay H. pylori. The results suggest that H. pylori was not originally among these groups and H. pylori was imported from other ethnic groups.

Original languageEnglish
Article number36
JournalGut Pathogens
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • Epidemiology
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Malays
  • Population genetics
  • Prevalence
  • Sumatra


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