Has Indonesia’s social protection system been moving toward a conservative one?

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Change in welfare state regime has often been debated for developed countries, but seldom for developing countries. The debate often lies on the difference between narrow and wide concepts of social protection; a dichotomy between economic and social programmes; and various measurements of social protection. Moreover, earlier studies were based on changes of institutions and state’s laws. With access to detailed historical budget at the national level, this study examines historical data from annual state financial statements and national budgets during the period of 1969 to 2015 in Indonesia. It analyses transformation of policies on social protection system, seen as a broader development programme. The budget analysis is expected to better reflect policies implemented by the state, because the budget is a result of a compromise between the state and the legislative/politicians and it includes both economic and social policies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationContemporary Issues on Business, Development and Islamic Economics in Indonesia
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9781536168327
ISBN (Print)9781536162783
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • Developing countries
  • Institutional political economy
  • Public expenditures
  • Social security
  • Socio-economics
  • Welfare state


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