Background: Researchers believe the role of gut microbiota dysbiosis in the raised incidence of early-onset colorectal cancer (EOCRC). The development of EOCRC may be associated with microbiota dysbiosis either dependently or independently (combined with other risk factors). Summary: Recently, the rising of incidence and mortality of EOCRC have been noted. Some researchers are looking for risk factors influencing this fact. They hypothesize that it may be because of microbiota dysbiosis. Microbiota dysbiosis has been known to promote cancer development through immunity dysregulation and chronic inflammation. Microbiomes profile in late-onset colorectal cancer (LOCRC) among older patients has been documented, but there is still lack of data about microbial profiles among younger colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. This review tries to explain microbial profiles differences between EOCRC and LOCRC as a potential diagnostic biomarker in the future, and whether microbiota can have a role in EOCRC genesis. Key Messages: Microbiota does vary with age, and EOCRC may be associated with colonization of some specific bacteria. Further studies about gut microbiota profiles in EOCRC and LOCRC may provide a new insight on diagnostic biomarker of CRC.
- Colorectal cancer
- Diagnostic biomarker
- Early-onset colorectal cancer
- Gut microbiota
- Microbiota dysbiosis