Growth Patterns of Indonesian Infants with Cow's Milk Allergy and Fed with Soy-Based Infant Formula

Budi Setiabudiawan, Mei Neni Sitaresmi, Gartika Sapartini, S. Sumadiono, Endah Citraresmi, Rini Sekartini, Azwin Mengindra Putra, Juandy Jo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The use of soy-based infant formula has increased widely in infants with cow's milk allergy (CMA). This study aimed to provide evidence on the growth pattern of CMA infants fed with soy-based infant formula in an Indonesian setting. Methods: A multi-site, intervention study was conducted among full-term and normal birth weight CMA infants. Within six months, the subjects were provided with a soy-based infant formula. Weight, height, and head circumference were measured at baseline, weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, and 24. Adverse events were recorded by scoring atopic dermatitis and symptom-based clinical scores. Results: Based on the World Health Organization growth chart, we found that most of subjects had normal nutritional status for weight-for-age, length-for-age, weight-for-length, and head-circumference-for-age. There were statistically significant differences between baseline and end-line for weight-for-age, length-for-age, weight-for-length, and head circumference-for-age nutritional status. No allergic symptoms or intolerance toward soy formula were observed at the end of the intervention period. Conclusion: These results show that infants fed with soy-based infant formula have a normal pattern of growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-324
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Body height
  • Body weight
  • Milk hypersensitivity
  • Soy milk

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