Green synthesis of Co 3 O 4 nanoparticles using Euphorbia heterophylla L. leaves extract: Characterization and photocatalytic activity

Nur Oktri Mulya Dewi, Yoki Yulizar, Dewangga Oky Bagus Apriandanu

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this research, C0 3 O 4 NPs were prepared by green synthesis method using Euphorbia heterophylla L. leaves extract (ELE). ELE contains secondary metabolite compounds like alkaloid, as weak base source, and saponin, as capping agent, in the synthesis of Co 3 O 4 nanoparticles. The Fourier-Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectrum of ELE depicted some peaks at 3245, 1610 and 1071 cm -1 which represented hydroxyl group, carbonyl group (C=O) and C-N group, respectively. Co 3 O 4 NPs were characterized by FTIR Spectrometry, UV-Vis Spectroscopy, Particle Size Analyser (PSA), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and UV-Vis DRS. The FT-IR results showed the presence of Co (II)-O bond and Co (III)-O bond at the wavenumber of 574 and 699 cm -1 , respectively. UV-Vis characterization spectroscopy indicated the typical peak of Co 3 O 4 NPs found at the range wavelength of 200-350 nm and 380-600. The particle size of Co 3 O 4 NPs was 69.75 nm confirmed by Particle Size Analyser. XRD characterization showed that Co 3 O 4 NPs had diffraction peaks at 31.1953°; 38.5401°; 44.8076°; 50.2027°; 59.2743° and 65.1419°. The band gap energy of CosO4 NPs was 1.53 eV confirmed by UV-Vis DRS. TEM image showed that morphology of Co 3 O 4 NPs was spherical shaped with the particle size of ∼17 nm. Co 3 O 4 NPs had a photocatalytic activity in the degradation of methylene blue about 63.105% for 3 hours.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012105
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume509
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2019
Event13th Joint Conference on Chemistry, JCC 2018 - Semarang, Indonesia
Duration: 7 Sep 20188 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Co O nanoparticles
  • Euphorbia heterophylla L.
  • green synthesis
  • methylene blue
  • photocatalytic

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