Green synthesis of β-Ga2O3 nanoparticles via Cnidoscolus aconitifolius leaf extract and photocatalytic activity for methylene blue degradation

Vatra Reksa Ananda, Yoki Yulizar

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this research, green synthesis of β-Ga2O3 nanoparticles via Cnidoscolus aconitifolius leaf extract in methanol, n-hexane, and water solvent has been successfully performed for the first time. XRD and FTIR results showed that the obtained β-Ga2O3 nanoparticles are single phased (monoclinic, C12/m1 space group) with characteristic Ga–O vibration of GaO4 and GaO6 complex. UV–Vis DRS result showed that β-Ga2O3-M, β-Ga2O3-Hx, and β-Ga2O3– W nanoparticles were optically active in ultraviolet light region with bandgap value of 4.59 eV, 4.66 eV, and 4.61 eV, respectively. SEM-EDS results showed that morphological shape of β-Ga2O3-M, β-Ga2O3-Hx, and β-Ga2O3–W are irregular shape, rod-like, and microspindle. TEM characterization confirmed SEM results and showed that β-Ga2O3-M, β-Ga2O3-Hx, and β-Ga2O3–W have an average particle size of 38 nm, 885 nm, and 2514 nm. Photocatalytic activity of β-Ga2O3-M, β-Ga2O3-Hx, and β-Ga2O3–W nanoparticles in methylene blue (MB) photodegradation were 92.64%, 20.07%, and 86.70%, respectively. The superior photocatalytic activity of β-Ga2O3-M could be attributed to the small nano-sized particles which provide high surface area. This work suggests a facile method to synthesize β-Ga2O3 nanoparticle by utilizing the plant extract for potential application in the photocatalytic dye degradation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107162
JournalSolid State Sciences
Volume139
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2023

Keywords

  • Cnidoscolus aconitifolius
  • Green synthesis
  • Morphological
  • Particle size
  • Photocatalytic activity
  • β-GaO

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