Giant cell tumor with secondary aneurysmal bone cyst of the left calcaneus

Achmad Fauzi Kamal, Fahresa Hilmy

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Introduction and importance: Giant cell tumors (GCT) of the feet bones are rare, comprising of <1 % of cases. The lack of well-documented cases and similarity with other tumors under radiologic and histological evaluation makes diagnosis difficult. Current treatment modalities for GCT still result in a relatively high recurrence rate, making the overall management of the case a challenge. We reported a 27-year-old male diagnosed with GCT of the left calcaneus with secondary aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) treated with curettage and femoral head allograft combined with bone cement application. Case presentation: A 27-year-old male presented with lump on the left heel since seven months before admission. Physical examination demonstrated solid, palpable mass on the left heel region and limited ankle motion. Magnetic resonance imaging examination demonstrated expansile bone tumor at the left calcaneus with cystic components building fluid levels and hemorrhagic components, suggestive of giant cell tumors with secondary ABC. The patient is diagnosed with giant cell tumor with secondary ABC of the left calcaneus Campanacci grade 2. The patient was managed limb salvage surgery by curettage and subsequent mix of femoral head allograft and bone cement application to fill the defect. Discussion: Conservative surgery via careful curettage is typically preferred for lower Campanacci grade lesions followed by bone reconstruction. In terms of filling bone defects, it is known that both bone cement and allografts have advantages and disadvantages. We hence decided to perform limb salvage surgery via curettage due to the size of the tumor and bone reconstruction using a mix of femoral head allograft and bone cement to fill the defect. Conclusion: Curettage and bone allograft with bone cement reconstruction is an option for surgical management of lower Campanacci grade 2 GCT of the calcaneus.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107697
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • Aneurysmal bone cyst
  • Calcaneus
  • Giant cell tumor


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