Geographic Distribution of Economic Inequality and Crime in Indonesia: Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis and Spatial Econometrics Approach

Putu Angga Widyastaman, Djoni Hartono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Indonesia has serious crime issues. Since there are pieces of evidence that economic inequality may cause crime incidences, various studies have been carried out to verify the relationship. However, very few of these studies considered the geographical pattern and spatial linkages between crime and its determinants, particularly inequality. This paper examines the geographical pattern of economic inequality and crime as well as local and spillover effects of within and across-districts/cities inequality on the crime rate. Using data from 483 Indonesian districts/cities from 2010 to 2020, this study employed local indicators of spatial association (LISA) analysis to examine geographical patterns between economic inequality and crime and the panel spatial Durbin model to investigate the spatial effects, including local and spillover effects. LISA analysis yielded geographic-based information regarding clusters of economic inequality and crime, thus providing insight into the spatial pattern of those variables. Furthermore, panel spatial Durbin results have shown that using property and other crime rate as the dependent variable, strong positive local and spillover effect of within-region and across-region economic inequality on crime rates was observed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Spatial Analysis and Policy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • Crime
  • Economic Inequality
  • Indonesia
  • Inequality Decomposition
  • Spatial Analysis
  • Spatial Econometrics

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