Gene expression in chorionic villous samples at 11 weeks of gestation in women who develop pre-eclampsia later in pregnancy: Implications for screening

Antonio Farina, Cinzia Zucchini, Paola De Sanctis, Danila Morano, Akihiko Sekizawa, Yuditiya Purwosunu, Takashi Okai, Nicola Rizzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the gene expression profile in chorionic villous samples (CVSs) of women destined to develop pre-eclampsia (PE). +Method: Case-control study encompassing five women destined to develop PE [cases matched for gestational age with 30 controls]. We quantified mRNA expression on tissue samples from CVS of normal and PE patients. We then assessed mRNA expressions of cathepsin (CTSD), angiopoietin 2 (ANGPT2), interleukin 8, chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 10, neurokinin B (NKB), matrix metallopeptidase 9, major histocompatibility complex, class I, C (HLA-C)and human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G). Data were analyzed by nonparametric rank analysis. Results: For all the mRNA species considered in this study, except CTSD and ANGPT2, all the mean observed ranks in the PE group were significantly altered compared with the rank expectation among controls. mRNA for NKB and HLA-C were the markers with the highest degree of aberration in PE, compared with those in controls. Conclusion: Our study has directly showed that gene expressions relating to trophoblastic cell invasion or utero-placental hemodynamic adaptation are altered in the first trimester trophoblasts that go on to develop PE later. These results posit the use of residual CVS as a possible screening method for PE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-185
Number of pages5
JournalPrenatal Diagnosis
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2011

Keywords

  • Chorionic villous samples
  • MRNA
  • Real-time PCR
  • Screening for pre-eclampsia

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Gene expression in chorionic villous samples at 11 weeks of gestation in women who develop pre-eclampsia later in pregnancy: Implications for screening'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this