Gendered Digital Citizenship: How Indonesian Female Journalists Participate in Gender Activism

Monika Winarnita, Nasya Bahfen, Adriana Rahajeng Mintarsih, Gavin Height, Joanne Byrne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Per-capita, Indonesia has one of the world’s largest user bases of social media. However, in terms of online participation, Indonesian women lag behind their male counterparts (Suwana [2017]. “Empowering Indonesian Women Through Building Digital Media Literacy.” Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences 38 (3): 212–217). This article contributes to a greater understanding of how digital media and engagement enables Indonesian women (as digital citizens) to creatively express themselves, contest gendered ideals, and coordinate political and social activism. It builds on literature that seeks to understand what this means for Indonesian women’s active participation in and undertaking of digital citizenship. Drawing on interdisciplinary projects conducted by the authors, we discuss how female journalists negotiate digital activism in the Indonesian context. We demonstrate that Indonesian women’s digital engagement and their active participation in the production of digital media enables them to creatively express and contest gendered ideals, as well as mobilise activism around political and social causes. In doing so, this article applies a gendered perspective to emerging concepts of digital citizenship, highlighting women’s engagement, activism, autonomy, and creative expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)621-636
Number of pages16
JournalJournalism Practice
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • digital activism
  • digital anthropology
  • Digital citizenship
  • female journalists
  • feminism
  • gender activism‌
  • gendered digital citizenship
  • Indonesia
  • social media
  • ‌independent journalism


Dive into the research topics of 'Gendered Digital Citizenship: How Indonesian Female Journalists Participate in Gender Activism'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this