Gender role conflicts experienced by Indonesian women with gynecological cancer: A phenomenological study

Atun Raudotul Ma'rifah, Yati Afiyanti, Wisnu Djatmiko, Ida Ruwaida, Ariesta Milanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: Gynecological cancer and its treatments can lead to sexual problems, potentially disrupting the gender role performance of women. Sexuality and gender roles are context-specific, yet these issues remain unexplored in the Indonesian context. Objective: This study aimed to explore the gender role conflicts experienced by Indonesian women having gynecological cancer. Method: A qualitative design with a phenomenology approach was utilized in this study. Data were collected through individualized, face-to-face, in-depth interviews conducted from 1 April to 30 December 2022 with 22 women diagnosed with gynecological cancer who had undergone treatments at the Dharmais Cancer Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. Results: Three themes were developed: 1) challenges in fulfilling female gender roles after having cancer diagnosis and therapies, 2) emotional struggles related to gender role conflicts, and 3) efforts to cope with gender role conflicts. Conclusion: The study sheds light on how sexual complications due to gynecological cancer and its treatments extend beyond physical issues. A deeper layer of problems around sexual dysfunctions among gynecological cancer survivors is often rooted in traditional gender-role expectations. Nurses should have a comprehensive and contextual understanding of the unique experiences of women living with gynecological cancer to facilitate a positive adaptation to their cancer journey.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-86
Number of pages9
JournalBelitung Nursing Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024


  • cancer survivors
  • female
  • gender role
  • gynecology
  • Indonesia
  • neoplasms
  • qualitative research
  • role conflict
  • sexuality


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