GC-MS analysis of clove (Syzygium aromaticum) bud essential oil from Java and Manado

B. Amelia, Endang Saefudin, Antonius Herry Cahyana, D. U. Rahayu, A. S. Sulistyoningrum, J. Haib

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The largest clove production contributors in Indonesia are mostly coming from Java and Manado. Different flavor among clove origins is caused by chemical constituents in clove oil. Unfortunately, scientific research and publications about flavor in clove from Indonesia's origin are still limited. The objective of this research is to determine significant differences of constituents in terms of flavor in clove oil originated from Java and Manado. The essential oils were isolated from cut clove bud samples by steam distillation method. The chemical constituents of clove bud oil were analyzed by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Constituents were then identified by comparing the results of the chromatogram and reference retention time using Wiley mass spectra library (Wiley W9N11). Thirty-six and thirty-four chemical constituents were identified based on GC-MS from clove oil collected from Java and Manado, respectively. Major classes of compounds are sesquiterpenes, phenyl propanoid, oxygenated sesquiterpenes, and esters. Different compositions in major constituents were found between both origins. Clove Java contained eugenol (55.60 %), eugenyl acetate (20.54 %), caryophyllene (14.84 %), and α-humulene (2.75 %). While, in clove Manado, the composition were eugenol (74.64 %), caryophyllene (12.79 %), eugenyl acetate (8.70 %), and α-humulene (1.53 %). Moreover, minor constituents β-elemene (0.04 %), α-cadinene (0.05 %) and ledol (0.06 %) were existed only in clove Java, while clove Manado had some unique minor constituents which were not found in clove Java, i.e. β-gurjunene (0.04 %), γ-cadinene %), and humulene oxide (0.05 %). In conclusion, both clove oils from Java and Manado contained same major chemical constituents but different in their composition. In addition, some minor constituents existed only in specific origin.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016
EditorsKiki Ariyanti Sugeng, Djoko Triyono, Terry Mart
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735415362
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2017
Event2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016 - Depok, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
Duration: 1 Nov 20162 Nov 2016

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1862
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016
CountryIndonesia
CityDepok, Jawa Barat
Period1/11/162/11/16

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    Amelia, B., Saefudin, E., Cahyana, A. H., Rahayu, D. U., Sulistyoningrum, A. S., & Haib, J. (2017). GC-MS analysis of clove (Syzygium aromaticum) bud essential oil from Java and Manado. In K. A. Sugeng, D. Triyono, & T. Mart (Eds.), International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016, ISCPMS 2016: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2016 [030082] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1862). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4991186