Gastro-oesophageal reflux in infancy

Badriul Hegar Syarif, Yvan Vandenplas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) is a common phenomenon in infants, which may occur with or without accompanying symptoms. Although most infants presenting with regurgitation have a normal physical examination, it is now recognized that infants may also present with a wide variety of symptoms. Oesophagitis is associated with increased oesophageal acid exposure. The determination of cause and effect is difficult, as there are many aspects of reflux disease where cause and effect relationships are cyclic. Reflux disease is present when there is an imbalance between a number of factors that can contribute to a decrease, as well as an increase, of GOR. Oesophageal pH monitoring with a semi-disposable monocrysant antimony pH catheter with three sensors is very good at documenting oesophageal acidification and gastric buffering and, therefore, quantifies acid reflux frequency and duration. However, the interpretation of the data is complex as they are influenced by numerous factors, such as position, activity (sleep, crying), feeding (frequency and composition) or medication. The duration of buffering of gastric acidity during pH monitoring might, in the future, appear to be a relevant factor in the interpretation of oesophageal pH data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-19
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999

Keywords

  • Gastro-oesophageal reflux
  • Infants
  • PH monitoring

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