Gamma-treated placental amniotic membrane allograft as the adjuvant treatment of unresponsive diabetic ulcer of the foot

Ihsan Oesman, Witantra Dhamar Hutami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: Diabetic ulcer of the foot is a major cause of morbidity and is a leading cause of hospitalization in patients with diabetes, and causes productivity and financial losses that lower the quality of life of the patient. The wound is categorized as responsive and unresponsive wound, which occurs in debilitated patients as seen in diabetes mellitus. The delay in wound repair can be caused by senescent cells, absence of growth factors, and other cellular abnormalities. Method: This is a retrospective, single-centre case series with non-consecutive cases. Patients with diabetic ulcer of the foot managed using gamma-treated placental amniotic membrane, with the minimum follow up of 1 month in academic practice setting were recruited. Result: Three patients with 4 weeks period of oozing ulcers and signs of inflammation were included in this case series. Two layers of amniotic membrane dressing was applied weekly after cleaning and debridement for 3 weeks. Wound size and secretion were documented by taking photographs every week. At the end of the third week, the wound healed. Discussion: Placental amniotic membranes are composed of cells, extra-cellular matrix (ECM), and a complex of regulatory cytokines which promote cell proliferation, cell modulation, and cytokine secretion by variety of cell types involved in wound healing. Our study showed that the treatment of diabetic ulcer wound using amniotic membrane was successful in achieving wound healing in unresponsive, chronic wound of diabetic ulcer of the foot. Conclusion: Our results clearly indicated the usefulness of the application of amniotic membranes in treatment of diabetic ulcer of the foot. Amniotic membrane favoured healing of unresponsive and non-healing ulcers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-318
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Allograft
  • Case series
  • Diabetic ulcer of the foot
  • Placental amniotic membrane


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