Gambaran disfagia pada anak dan karakteristiknya

Indah Trisnawaty, Elvie Zulka, Susyana Tamin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Dysphagia in the pediatric population are becoming more common. Certain groups of infants and children with specific developmental and/or medical conditions have been identified as being at high risk for developing dysphagia. If it does not managed properly, pathologic conditions involving any of the anatomic sites associated with the phases of swallowing can have negative impact on the coordination of these phases and lead to symptoms of dysphagia and feeding difficulties. Purpose: To obtain data in pediatric dysphagia in Otohinolaryngology-head and neck surgery, Medicine Faculty of Universitas Indonesia, dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital. Methods: A cross sectional and descriptive study of Flexible Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing (FEES) results in 19 pediatric patients with dysphagia. Data were collected from medical records. Results: Seven feeding difficulties, 4 mechanic dysphagia, 5 neurogenic dysphagia, 1 mixed (mechanic and neurogenic), 1 normal swallowing function and neurogenic dysphagia with the possibility of esophagea dysphagia. The comorbids were cerebral palsy, global delay development, adenoid-tonsil hypertrophy and ensephalopaty. Conclusion: The most common etiology of neurogenic dysphagia was cerebral palsy. Adenoid and tonsil hypertrophy were the common cause of mechanic dysphagia.
Original languageIndonesian
Pages (from-to)165-170
JournalOto Rhino Laryngologica Indonesiana
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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