Furfural and derivatives from bagasse and corncob

Muryanto Muryanto, Yanni Sudiyani, Andre F.P. Harahap, Misri Gozan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Furfural is one of the building block materials that can react to produce various fine chemicals. Furfural is widely used as a solvent in the petroleum processing industry, agrochemicals, and pharmaceuticals. It can be further converted into derivatives, such as furfuryl alcohol, furan, and tetrahydrofuran (THF). Furfural is produced from dehydration of xylose. Furfural production depends on the condition of hemicellulose/xylose content, catalyst used, solvent for process, and the condition of hydrolysis and dehydration process. Xylose is derived from lignocellulosic biomass (LCB). LCB is abundant because it is a residue from agriculture, forest, and industrial waste. This chapter discusses the furfural and its derivatives, the hydrolysis and purification processes, and the bagasse and corncob feedstock for furfural production. Techno-economic is discussed based on process simulation and available studies. At the end of the chapter, future outlook and challenges are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChemical Substitutes from Agricultural and Industrial By-Products
Subtitle of host publicationBioconversion, Bioprocessing, and Biorefining
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9783527841141
ISBN (Print)9783527351862
Publication statusPublished - 11 Sept 2023


  • Biomass
  • Chemical
  • Furfural
  • Hydrolysis
  • Techno-economic


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