This paper investigates texture feature capabilities from fundus images to differentiate between diabetic retinopathy (DR), age-related macular degeneration (AMD) screening and normal. Our proposed method using improvement of local binary pattern (LBP) with calculation of LBP original value and magnitude value of fundus images. This method is compared with Local Line Binary Pattern (LLBP). In this study, four experiments (DR-Normal, DR-AMD, AMD-Normal, Multiclass) were designed for two databases, DIARETDB0 database and STARE. Kernel PCA is choosed as feature selection method, and three classifiers are tested (Naive Bayes, SVM, and KNN). The experimental results show that our proposed method has higher accuracy than LLBP, with accuracy of binary classification 100% for DR-Normal and AMD-Normal. While, multiclass classification (DR-AMD-Normal) achieves an accuracy 80-84%. These results suggest that our proposed method in this paper can be useful in a diagnosis aid system for diabetic retinopathy.