Introduction: The use of implant in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has been associated with several drawbacks including graft injury, implant osteolysis, implant migration and soft tissue irritation. Implant-free ACL reconstruction surgery offers additional benefits of cost-effective, improved graft incorporation and ease of revision surgery. Our study aimed to compare the functional outcome of ACL reconstruction by using bone-patellar tendon autograft with press-fit fixation technique and hamstring autografts with implant. Methods: A prospective cohort study design was used. Between March 2013 and March 2014, 12 patients underwent patella tendon-bone graft fixated by press-fit fixation technique (implant-free), while 24 patients underwent ACL reconstruction using implant-fixated hamstring tendon graft. Objective functional outcome was measured by using rolimeter, and subjective functional outcome was measured according to the functional score of IKDC, Tegner-Lysholm and KOOS. Results: Both techniques have shown no significant difference in terms of functional outcome, whether assessed by rolimeter measurement, IKDC score, Tegner-Lysholm, KOOS score between implant group and implant-free group, preoperatively and postoperatively. Discussion: Our study results are in line with several other studies with various follow-up time and systematic review. With the right technique, graft harvesting of patella tendon-tibial tuberosity bone block can be successfully performed, and associated donor site morbidity can be avoided. Conclusion: Patients who underwent ACL reconstruction using implant-free technique by press-fit fixation had comparable outcome with ACL reconstruction with implant, objectively and subjectively. This technique should be further revisited and reevaluated.
- Anterior cruciate ligament
- Anterior cruciate ligament injury
- Bone-patellar tendon
- Implant-free ACL reconstruction
- Press-fit fixation