Functional multi-track and multilevel economic diplomacy to strengthen trade relations between Indonesia, Chile, and Peru conditions for success

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This article analyzes the causes of low trade relations between Indonesia and Latin American states, arguing that dynamics of international political economy have opened opportunities to increase trade relations between those countries. Having good diplomatic and political relations with similar emerging economies, like Peru and Chile, should drive closer economic relations among them. A qualitative study was conducted using literature reviews, archival analysis, and in-depth interviews. Political will and lack of knowledge pertaining to the business character of each country hamper external relations. Thus, a functional multi-track diplomacy that incorporates state and non-state actors from various fi elds is crucial for enhancing economic relations among these countries. Trade relations can be particularly strengthened by maximizing cooperation among actors at various levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-107
Number of pages20
JournalRegions and Cohesion
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Indonesia
  • Latin America
  • Multi-track diplomacy
  • Multilevel diplomacy
  • Trade relations

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