FSH to estradiol ratio can be used as screening method for mild cognitive impairment in postmenopausal women

Andon Hestiantoro, M. Wiwie, A. Shadrina, Nurhadi Ibrahim, J. S. Purba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the role of anthropometric measurement, menopausal symptoms and biochemical marker changes as screening methods for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in postmenopausal women Methods: A cross-sectional study included 282 postmenopausal women in Jakarta, further classified into two groups, with and without MCI. Some related variables such as age, body mass index (BMI), duration of menopause, vasomotor symptoms, hormone levels such as follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone, leptin, estradiol, and cognitive status, were assessed and analyzed. Results: The FSH levels significantly correlated with MCI incidence (p = 0.018), along with the ratio of FSH/estradiol levels (p = 0.029) and ratio of FSH/soluble leptin receptor (p = 0.011), while other variables did not. By multivariate analysis, the ratio of FSH/estradiol was known as the most significant factor with a probability of having MCI in menopausal women of 1.15. Using the ROC curve, the threshold of the ratio FSH/estradiol to predict MCI was 1.94, with sensitivity 66.5% and specificity 46.8%. Conclusions: The ratio of FSH to estradiol (>1.94) can be used as a screening method for the occurrence of MCI in postmenopausal women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)577-582
Number of pages6
JournalClimacteric
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • FSH
  • Menopause
  • mild cognitive impairment

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