Front wing aerodynamic analysis of formula 1 cars in 2018 and 2019 with computational fluid dynamics (CFD)

Rivaldo Gere Gurky, Mohammad Adhitya

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Formula 1 is the most prestigious and competitive auto racing competition in the world. This makes the engineers on the Formula 1 team work hard to improve the quality of the car's design with the slightest changes to get the highest advantage. Therefore, sophisticated technology needs to be used by a team of engineers to produce the best design to win the race. Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) is a technology that is always used in Formula 1 races. CFD helps a Formula 1 engineers to predict the results of using a new design without investing a lot of money into prototyping and testing it live. The front wing of the Formula 1 car plays important role of the overall car performance. Its location as an aerodynamic element that is first exposed to the fluid becomes very important because the downforce production by the front wing will also have other impacts on other components downstream. This work tries to simulate the effect of fluid velocity on the front wing design of Formula 1 the year 2018 and 2019 cars with CFD applications. The accuracy of simulation result is tested through variations in the number of different meshes. This work also tries to analyze the impact of changes in the front wing design of Formula 1 2018 and 2019 cars by comparing the values of the lift coefficient and the friction coefficient resulting from the two types of front wing designs. Based on the results of the analysis that has been made by the author, it can be concluded that the 2019 front wing design managed to provide a greater lift force compared to the 2018 front wing by 35%, lift coefficient by 10%, drag coefficient decrease by 4%, with an increase at a drag force value of 16% on the front wing. This is because the shape of the 2018 front wing has a wing cascade that directs fluid away from the tire in order to reduce drag force.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
EditorsAndyka Kusuma, Jaka Fajar Fatriansyah, Radon Dhelika, Mochamad Adhiraga Pratama, Ridho Irwansyah, Imam Jauhari Maknun, Wahyuaji Narottama Putra, Romadhani Ardi, Ruki Harwahyu, Yulia Nurliani Harahap, Kenny Lischer
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Edition1
ISBN (Electronic)9780735446410
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Feb 2024
Event17th International Conference on Quality in Research, QiR 2021 in conjunction with the International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference 2021, I-Trec 2021 and the 2nd AUN-SCUD International Conference, CAIC-SIUD - Virtual, Online, India
Duration: 13 Oct 202115 Oct 2021

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Number1
Volume2710
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference17th International Conference on Quality in Research, QiR 2021 in conjunction with the International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference 2021, I-Trec 2021 and the 2nd AUN-SCUD International Conference, CAIC-SIUD
Country/TerritoryIndia
CityVirtual, Online
Period13/10/2115/10/21

Keywords

  • drag coefficient
  • drag force
  • Front wing formula 1
  • lift coefficient
  • lift force
  • wing cascade

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Front wing aerodynamic analysis of formula 1 cars in 2018 and 2019 with computational fluid dynamics (CFD)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this