Four-year safety follow-up of the tetravalent dengue vaccine efficacy randomized controlled trials in Asia and Latin America

CYD-TDV Dengue Vaccine Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Our objective was to describe the risk of hospital admission for virologically confirmed dengue (VCD) and the risk of clinically severe hospitalized VCD occurring up to 4 years after the first dose (years 1 to 4) in three randomized clinical trials comparing tetravalent dengue vaccine with placebo. Methods: The relative risks (RR) for hospitalized VCD from first dose to year 4 were estimated by year and age-group in individual and combined studies. Results: Overall, from Year 1 to Year 4, 233 and 228 participants had at least one episode of hospitalized VCD in the vaccinated (n = 22 603) and placebo (n = 11 301) groups, respectively (RR = 0.511, 95% CI 0.42–0.62). Among these, 48 and 47 cases, respectively, were classified as clinically severe. In children aged ≥9 years, 88 and 136 participants had at least one episode of hospitalized VCD in the vaccinated (n = 17 629) and placebo (n = 8821) groups, respectively (RR = 0.324; 95% CI 0.24–0.43). In vaccinated participants aged <9 years, particularly in those aged 2–5 years, there were more hospitalized VCD cases compared with the control participants in Year 3 but not in Year 4. The overall RR in those aged <9 years for Year 1 to Year 4 was 0.786 (95% CI 0.60–1.03), with a higher protective effect in the 6–8 year olds than in the 2–5 year olds. Conclusions: The overall benefit-risk remained positive in those aged ≥9 years up to year 4, although the protective effect was lower in years 3 and 4 than in years 1 and 2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)755-763
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Microbiology and Infection
Volume24
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Children
  • Dengue disease
  • Dengue vaccine
  • Long-term follow up
  • Vaccine safety

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