Formation and transport of PCDD/Fs in the packed bed of soil containing organic chloride during a thermal remediation process

Sri Harjanto., Eiki Kasai, Toshikatsu Terui, Takashi Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors previously proposed the concept of a new thermal remediation process for particulate/powder materials contaminated by polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and experimentally verified its validity on the basis of process efficiency. However, contaminees such as soils and fly ashes from waste incinerators often contain a considerable amount of other chlorides, which may act as a main source of chlorine in the formation of PCDD/Fs via thermal processes. The present study aims to examine the formation and transport of PCDD/Fs in the packed bed of soil containing a chloride during the process. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) polymer was mixed with soil sample as an organic chloride model. A laboratory-scale apparatus was employed as a process simulator. Further, a technique to quench the process was applied to observe the concentration distribution of PCDD/Fs in the solid bed in the vertical direction. The result shows that the PCDFs tend to form dominantly in the high temperature (calcination and/or combustion) zone and are successively trapped in the low temperature (wet) zone. Especially, TeCDF is the most dominant homologue contained in the wet zone and outlet gas. Although PCDD/Fs are once trapped at the wet zone, the concentration of the remediated materials gives fairly low value (1.9 pg/g-dry, 0.04 pg-TEQ/g-dry). It signifies that organic chlorides mingled in the solid contaminee not affect the removal efficiency of PCDD/Fs in the process. Nevertheless, attention should be paid to the potential emission of PCDD/Fs in the outlet gas due to the presence of organic chloride in the soil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-224
Number of pages8
JournalChemosphere
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002

Keywords

  • Coke combustion
  • PVC
  • Quenching
  • Removal of dioxins
  • Soil bed
  • Thermal remediation

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