Forgiveness in Javanese collective culture: The relationship between rumination, harmonious value, decisional forgiveness and emotional forgiveness

Ni Made Taganing Kurniati, Everett L. Worthington, Elizabeth Kristi Poerwandari, Adriana Soekandar, Carissa Dwiwardani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Forgiveness in Javanese collective culture is examined by considering harmonious value (HV) a subjective value on maintaining social harmony and rumination. In Study 1, we conducted an exploratory sequential mixed-method study to develop a scale measuring HV. In-depth interviews with eight Javanese adolescents revealed three major domains of HV (Study 1a). In a second quantitative study (Study 1b), we developed items and assessed 347 Javanese adolescents in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Principal component analysis and confirmatory factor analysis supported three factors: cooperation during conflict, forbearing and resolving conflict. After confirming that the translated scales had acceptable reliability, we conducted Study 2 with 424 Javanese adolescents from both urban and village settings. Using hierarchical multiple regression, we found that HV accounted for a variance in decisional forgiveness above and beyond rumination. In addition, decisional forgiveness also accounted for variance in emotional forgiveness above and beyond rumination. In fact, HV accounted for variance in emotional forgiveness above and beyond both rumination and decisional forgiveness together. This revealed the importance of valuing social harmony in this collectivistic culture. Moreover, decisional forgiveness was also important in predicting the Javanese collectivists’ emotional forgiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-127
Number of pages15
JournalAsian Journal of Social Psychology
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Javanese culture
  • collective culture
  • decisional forgiveness
  • emotional forgiveness
  • harmonious value
  • rumination

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