Forest conservation by the indigenous Baduy community in the form of customary law

Donna Asteria, Putri Alvernia, Berliana Nur Kholila, Sabarina Isma Husein, Farha Widya Asrofani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The Baduy tribe has its own uniqueness and values regarding the forest; it manages the forest using customary law to keep it sustainable. This research aims to describe the position of customary law used by the Baduy tribe to conserve forest areas. Design/methodology/approach: This research is a qualitative research conducted in September 2019 and 2020 at Baduy. The data were collected through a literature study and in-depth interviews with informants related to the Baduy tribe. The collected data included documentation and interview transcripts that were translated into English. Data analysis was conducted in a descriptive manner, equipped with related evidence. Findings: The Baduy community holds firm to its customs and culture called pikukuh. The Baduy community applies the concept of sustainable forest management in that local communities are directly involved in forest management activities to improve welfare and implement sustainable forests. Practical implications: The implication of this research is that it is beneficial for forest conservation based on customary law, using the conservation approach of the Baduy tribe as a local community in protecting the sustainability of forest resources and their sustainability for the next generation. This study contributes as a guide for the government to formulate policies that will include local communities into conservation programs and government policies. It may apply to a study of coordination with related institutions such as the Ministry of Environment and Forestry in implementing forest conservation. Originality/value: This study uses primary data from the Baduy tribe, which has unique local traditional values regarding the territory and the important role of the forest. The originality of the findings from the excavation of each activity was based on the procedures and beliefs regulated in customary law regarding forest management. Preservation of traditional knowledge in customary law has contributed to the urgency of sustainable forest conservation and biodiversity conservation, which is part of the traditional knowledge of the Baduy tribe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-189
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022


  • Baduy
  • Conservation
  • Customary law
  • Forest management
  • Sustainable development


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