Food consumption frequency and dental caries status among adolescents in Jakarta

Ulfah Utami, Ary Agustanti, Yuanita Lely Rachmawati, Febriana Setiawati, Yasemin Yavuz, Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti, Diah Ayu Maharani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study aimed to test the reliability of a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and to determine the status of dental caries as well as the relationships of food consumption frequency with dental caries status in adolescents aged 15-16 years old in Jakarta. Adolescents were randomly selected from 11 high schools. Clinical examination was performed by single calibrated examiner using the DMFT index. The FFQ was cross adapted to Indonesian version and self-administered by the study participants. A total of 471 adolescents participated in the study, with a dental caries prevalence of 75.4% and mean DMFT 2.7. The reliability test of FFQ resulting in ICC=0.940. Carbonated drinks and chips' consumption frequency have a statistically significant weak relationship with dental caries status. The FFQ used in this study was a reliable tool to obtain data of food consumption frequency. The dental caries status of adolescents in Jakarta was considered moderate based on WHO classification. Only two types of foods in this study revealed significant relationships with dental caries in adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1054-1058
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Volume13
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Dental caries
  • Diet
  • Indonesia
  • Questionnaire

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