Fluid intake of pregnant and breastfeeding women in Indonesia: A cross-sectional survey with a seven-day fluid specific record

Saptawati Bardosono, Damar Prasmusinto, Diah R. Hadiati, Bangun T. Purwaka, Clementine Morin, Rizki Pohan, Diana Sunardi, Dian Novita Chandra, Isabelle Guelinckx

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During pregnancy and lactation, the adequate intake (AI) for total water intake is increased. This cross-sectional survey aimed to assess Total Fluid Intake (TFI; sum of drinking water and all other fluids) of 300 pregnant and 300 breastfeeding women in Indonesia. A seven-day fluid specific record was used to assess TFI. Mean TFI of pregnant and breastfeeding women were 2332 ± 746 mL/day and 2525 ± 843 mL/day, respectively. No significant difference in TFI between pregnancy trimesters was observed, while TFI of women breastfeeding for 12–24 months postpartum (2427 ± 955 mL/day) was lower than that of the two other groups (0–5 months: 2607 ± 754 mL/day; 6–11 months: 2538 ± 807 mL/day, respectively). Forty-two and 54% of the pregnant and breastfeeding subjects, respectively, did not reach the AI of water from fluids. These AI were actually known by only 14% and 23% of the pregnant and breastfeeding subjects. However, having the knowledge about the AI did not increase the odds of reaching the AI. Concluding that a high proportion of the pregnant and breastfeeding subjects did not reach the AI of water from fluid, it seems pertinent to further assess the fluid intake, as well as their hydration status, in other countries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number651
JournalNutrients
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2016

Keywords

  • Breastfeeding
  • Fluid intake
  • Hydration
  • Indonesia
  • Pregnant
  • Seven-day fluid record

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