Finite Element Analysis Contact Stresses on Tibiofemoral Joint and Post Polyethylene Components Used to Evaluated Predesign Knee Implant

Joko Triwardono, Agung Shamsuddin Saragih, Fuad Abrar, M. Satrio Utomo, Ika Kartika, Yudan Whulanza, Sugeng Supriadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

At the time of prayer, most Muslims kneel with fully extended limbs (between 150° and 165°). Meanwhile, incidents such as hyperflexion in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) implant outside their designated configuration can lead wear or fracture of the polyethylene component. In this study, polyethylene component of posterior-stabilized right knee joint implant have been developed to facilitate higher range of motion (ROM). Finite element analysis (FEA) was used to analyze contact stresses on the polyethylene component. FEA was used to simulate weight-bearing condition at 0°, 30°, 60°, 90°, 120°, and 150° of knee flexion. Modified polyethylene component results in better performance in terms of contact stresses, especially at 120° of knee flexion. Current result shows contact stresses above 120 MPa were measured at the posterior post polyethylene, when 4000 N force was applied. Minimum contact stress on the medial condyles was 630 KPa at 120° of knee flexion, while on the lateral condyles, the minimum contact stress was 250 KPa at 150° of knee flexion. With this finding, the current polyethylene component design is expected to accommodate deep knee flexion movement in daily activities and can reduce potential of wear or fracture of the polyethylene component during deep knee flexion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-55
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering
Volume55
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Finite Element Analysis
  • Fracture
  • Hyperflexion
  • Polyethylene
  • Wear

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