Female, live in urban, and the existence of a caregiver increased risk overnutrition in elderly: an Indonesian national study 2010

Kencana Sari, Muchtaruddin Mansyur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Over-nutrition could leads health problems in the elderly which requires control efforts. Knowing the risk factors of over-nutrition is necessary to overcome the over-nutrition related health problems.This study aimed to identify the determinant factors of over-nutrition in the elderly.Methods: The study used a cross-sectional study as a part of Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) 2010. The subjects consisted of 16 142 respondents aged 60 years or older with normal nutritional status and overnutritionthat derived from 26 6510 household members. Riskesdas data on sociodemographic was collected by questionnaire. Nutritional status was measured using body mass index (BMI). BMI was categorized intonormal (18.5-24.9) and over-nutrition (25 or over). Nutrition intake was obtained from 24 hour food recall. Over-nutritional risk factors identifi ed by relative risks.Results: This analysis noted 3 184 (19.7%) subjects were over-nutrition and 12 958 (80.3%) were normal. Female than male 56% more risk to be over-nutrition [adjusted relative risk (RRa) = 1.56; 95% confi dence interval (CI) = 1.44;1.69]. Living in urban than rural area 30% more risk to be over-nutrition(RRa = 1.30; 95% CI = 1.24;1.35). While the presence of caregiver 26% increased to be over-nutrition in elderly (RRa = 1.26; 95% CI = 1.16;1.40).Conclusion: The presence of a caregiver, woman, and living in urban area increased risk to be over-nutrition in elderly. Health education is needed for the elderly family and caregiver to enhance their knowledge on providing balanced nutrition to control over-nutrition.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHealth Science Journal of Indonesia
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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